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prof. dr. George Ayittey

prof. dr. George Ayittey

Distinguished Economist in Residence
Language : English

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  • Africa
  • Economical situations in Africa
  • Why Adjustment Failed in Africa
  • Why Africa Is Poor
  • The Making of Modern West Africa
George Ayittey was born in Ghana, West Africa, where he obtained all his primary education and his B.Sc. (Economics) from the University of Ghana, Legon, in 1966. He left Ghana for Canada to pursue his postgraduate studies at the University of Western Ontario. George was awarded his M.A. (Economics) in 1971. After a brief teaching stint at the University of Ghana, he returned to Canada in 1975 for his Ph.D. studies at the University of Manitoba. In 1981, he successfully defended his thesis,
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George Ayittey was born in Ghana, West Africa, where he obtained all his primary education and his B.Sc. (Economics) from the University of Ghana, Legon, in 1966. He left Ghana for Canada to pursue his postgraduate studies at the University of Western Ontario. George was awarded his M.A. (Economics) in 1971. After a brief teaching stint at the University of Ghana, he returned to Canada in 1975 for his Ph.D. studies at the University of Manitoba. In 1981, he successfully defended his thesis, "Effective Capacity To Save: An Alternative Approach To Development" and obtained his Ph.D. with an overall GPA of 4:00. He left Canada in 1981 to teach at Wayne State College in Nebraska. In 1984, where he joined the Bloomsburg University in Pennsylvania. In 1988, he accepted a National Fellowship at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University in California. He was one of 13 professors selected across the US in recognition for their outstanding scholarly work. He left Hoover in 1989 to join the Heritage Foundation as a Bradley Resident Scholar — one of 5 professors chosen across the US for the 1989-1990 academic year. Among other scholarships and grants he has received, include a Summer Fellowship at Institute of Public Choice (George Mason University) in 1988, Earhart Foundation grants in 1988 and 1989, and a grant from the International Freedom Foundation. Since 1990, he has been a Visiting Associate Professor of Economics at The American University. In 1993, he started The Free Africa Foundation in Washington, DC, to serve as a catalyst for reform in Africa. George has published five books on Africa: Indigenous African Institutions (Transnational Publishers, 1991); Africa Betrayed (St. Martin's Press, 1992); The Blueprint For Ghana's Economic Recovery (Africana Publishers, 1997); Africa In Chaos (St. Martin's Press, 1998), and Africa Unchained: The Blueprint for Africa’s Future (Palgrave/McMillan, 2005). Africa Betrayed won the 1993 H.L. Mencken Award for "Best Book for 1992." (The award is named after the American journalist who championed personal freedom). He has written numerous articles on Africa and the Third World, which have appeared in such publications as The Wall Street Journal, Globe and Mail (Canada), The Times of London, USA TODAY, The CATO Journal, World Development, Humane Studies Review, Journal of Defense and Diplomacy, Journal of Economic Affairs, Journal of Economic Growth, The World & I, Crisis, and Foreign Trade Review. Many of his articles have been syndicated for worldwide distribution and some have been reprinted in Reader's Digest, International Herald and Tribune, Jeune Afrique Economie, and papers in Africa — recently in The Sowetan (South Africa) and Daily Observer (The Gambia). I have been cited in the American Economic Review, The New York Times, Scientific American, and by Paul Harvey, William Raspberry and others. George has also appeared on several radio talk shows, and TV programs (Canada AM, CBS "Nightwatch," ABC "Nightline," Christian Science Monitor TV, MacNeil/Lehrer NewsHour, C-SPAN, and CNN "Crossfire" with Rev. Jesse Jackson). He has been interviewed often on National Public Radio, VOICE OF AMERICA, and BBC World Service. In 1985, he was selected as one of the Outstanding Young Men of America and in 1987 he was nominated for the AFRICA PRIZE FOR LEADERSHIP by The Times of London. He is also featured in a TV documentary on Africa, "Burden On The Land" (1990, Roger Pyke Productions of Toronto). George has testified before US Congressional committees about the Third World Debt Crisis (Feb, 1987), Foreign Aid to Africa (Nov, 1991, Feb 23, 1993) and South Africa (March, 1992). He has served as a consultant to several organizations, including the World Bank, US AID, and International Council on Metals and the Environment (ICME). He has given lectures to various organizations, institutions and universities, including the National Bar Association, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the US State Department, US Foreign Service, and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). George was invited by the White House (Dec, 1990) to commemorate the signing of a Human Rights Proclamation by President Bush. George writes regular columns for various African-owned newspapers: The African Letter (Toronto, Canada), African Continent News (Ohio), Africa Forum (Oakland, CA), African Link (New York), Africa News Weekly (Asheville, NC), Ghana Drum, (Maryland), The Catholic Standard, (Ghana) and Christian Messenger, (Ghana).
 
Prof. dr. George Ayittey was invited by the IMF to participate in a high-level event in Sept 2010.
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Cover van Africa betrayed

Africa betrayed

Title: Africa Betrayed
Author: George B.N. Ayittey
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Language: English
Book: Paperback, 432 pages
ISBN: 978-0312-1040-09

"This vigorous attack on corruption and mismanagement by post-colonial African leaders is bolstered by the author's experience as a dissident in his native Ghana. Ayittey, who teaches economics at the American University in Washington, D.C., blames African elites, foreign powers and even black Americans for aiding and abetting black dictators.

Surveying indigenous political institutions--but neglecting the treatment of women--he argues that current leaders distort history when they claim their heritage supports not democracy but one-party and/or military rule. He ranges through the colonial and independence periods before cataloguing depredations in places like authoritarian Zimbabwe and Zaire, the "epitome of African kleptocracy."

Ayittey proposes decentralized, democratic government based on indigenous principles to counter tribalism, a problem examined too briefly. Arguing that the West can best help Africa by promoting freedom of expression, Ayittey calls upon Africans to author their own intellectual, political and economic reforms."

Cover van A Comparative History

A Comparative History

Title: A Comparative History
Author: George B.N. Ayittey
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Language: English
Book: Paperback, 416 pages
ISBN: 978-0312-2178-77

Ghanaian-born economics professor George B.N. Ayittey takes a hard, unsentimental look at the continuing economic, cultural, and political downfall of African countries. While Africa is the world's second-largest continent, containing 770 million people and much of the world's natural resources, he contends that the postcolonial African nations cannot reconcile what he calls "the two Africas," one traditional and one modern (or "Western").

That split, he says, wreaks havoc on the African people, and he comes down hard on "the elites, the parasitic minority group [that operates] by an assortment of imported or borrowed institutions." Africa in Chaos examines the collapse of Nigeria's civilian-led democracy, as well as the anarchy in Liberia, the former Zaire, and Sierra Leone, outlining the suicidal quest for power that hinders Africa's growth.

Ayittey, unlike many Afrocentric apologists, does not lay all of the blame for Africa's predicament on the West, but he does insist that solid, long-term investment from Europe and America is needed to lift the motherland out of its mire. His "Ten Commandments for African Intellectuals," intended to lead the way to success, include calls for an embrace of the African past, a relationship with the private sector, and consistent freedom of expression.

Cover van Africa Unchained

Africa Unchained

Title: Africa Unchained - The Blueprint for Africa's Future
Author: George B.N. Ayittey
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Language: English
Book: Paperback, 512 pages
ISBN: 978-1403-9738-63

Why haven't the poorest Africans been able to prosper in the twenty-first century? Celebrated economist George Ayittey thinks the answer is obvious: economic freedom was denied to them, first by foreign colonial powers and now by indigenous leaders with similarly oppressive practices. As war and conflict replaced peace, Africa's infrastructure crumbled. Instead of bemoaning the myriad difficulties facing the continent today, Ayittey boldly proposes a program of development--a way forward--for Africa.

Africa Unchained investigates how Africa can modernize, build, and improve its indigenous institutions, and argues forcefully that Africa should build and expand upon traditions of free markets and free trade rather than continuing to use exploitative economic structures. The economic model here is uniquely African and takes little heed from the developed world; this is sure to be a highly controversial plan for moving Africa forward.