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prof. dr. François Bourguignon

prof. dr. François Bourguignon

Director, Paris School of Economics (2007-2013)
Languages : English, French

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François Bourguignon is professor of economics at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris and the former director of the Paris School of Economics. He is a specialist in the economics of development, public policy, income distribution and inequality. Prior to his current appointment, he held the position of Senior Vice President for Development Economics and Chief Economist at the World bank from 2003 to 2007, where he provided intellectual leadership and direction to the

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François Bourguignon is professor of economics at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris and the former director of the Paris School of Economics. He is a specialist in the economics of development, public policy, income distribution and inequality. Prior to his current appointment, he held the position of Senior Vice President for Development Economics and Chief Economist at the World bank from 2003 to 2007, where he provided intellectual leadership and direction to the Bank’s overall development strategy and economic research agenda, at global, regional and country levels. Along his present duties as a researcher, professor and manager of a leading institution, François Bourguignon kept being active in the international development community by lecturing and writing reports for international agencies.

Ever since his appointment in the World Bank and, in effect long before it, François Bourguignon had extensive practical experience as an advisor to international agencies and policy makers in developed and developing countries. In particular, he has been an advisor to many developing countries, the OECD, United Nations, European Commission, and was a member of the Council of Economic Advisors to the French Prime Minister from 1997 to 2002, a position he was recently re-appointed to.

Since 1985, he has been Professor of Economics at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris. He has been on leave from that institution between 2003 and 2007. There he co-founded and directed the Département et Laboratoire d’Economie Théorique et Appliquée (DELTA), a research unit in theoretical and applied economics, which turned out to be the cornerstone of the recently created Paris School of Economics. He has also held academic positions at the University of Chile, University of Toronto, University of Geneva and Bocconi University. He is a Fellow of the Econometric Society, and was president of the European Economic Association for Population Economics. He received the silver medal for academic achievements from the French National Centre for Scientific Research in 1999. He received honorary degrees from the Universities of Quebec, Western Ontario and Geneva. He has authored or edited several books and over one hundred articles in leading journals, including the 'American Economic Review', 'Econometrica', 'Review of Economic Studies', 'Journal of Political Economy', 'Journal of Economic Theory', and 'Journal for Development Economics'. In addition to being the managing editor of the 'World Bank Economic Review' from 2000-03, and 'European Economic Review' (1990-2000), he has been an associate editor of several other important economic journals, including the 'Review of Economic Studies' (1982-1987), 'Annales d'Economie et de Statistiques' (1988-1991), and the 'Journal of Public Economics', (1991-1997).

Born on May 22, 1945, François Bourguignon, a French national, studied at the Ecole Nationale de la Statistique et de l’Analyse Economique (ENSAE) and the University of Paris VI, where he earned a post-graduate degree in Applied Mathematics (1973). He went on to earn a Ph.D. and the Merrit Brown Award for the best thesis at the University of Western Ontario, Canada (1975), and a Doctorate in Economics at the University of Orleans (1979).

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Article Academy Magazine autumn 2008

Political will crucial to reduce poverty

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Cover van The impact of macroeconomic policies on poverty and income distribution

The impact of macroeconomic policies on poverty and income distribution

Title:
 
The Impact of Macroeconomic Policies on Poverty and Income Distribution
Subtitle:
 
Macro-Micro Evaluation Techniques And Tools
Author:
 
Francois Bourguignon
Publisher:
 
World Bank Publications
Book:
 
Paperback, 400 pages
ISBN:
 
978-08-213-5778-1
 
 
 

Macro-level policies, whatever their impact on macro-level aggregates, can have significant distributional consequences. Polities and policy makers are well aware of this, but their economical advisers, especially those in international agencies, seemed in the past to have been less well attuned to these realities. This volume shows that the landscape is changing. The chapters were written by the leaders in their filed and showcase techniques and applications that allow the distributional consequences of policy reform to be analyzed systematically. There can no longer be any technical excuse for totally ignoring the distributional impacts of macro-level policy instruments.

Cover van The Impact of Economic Policies on Poverty and Income Distribution

The Impact of Economic Policies on Poverty and Income Distribution

Title:
 
The Impact of Economic Policies on Poverty and Income Distribution
Subtitle:
 
Evaluation Techniques and Tools
Author:
 
Francois Bourguignon and Luiz A. Pereira Da Silva
Publisher:
 
World Bank Publications
Book:
 
Hardcover, 408 pages
ISBN:
 
978-08-213-5491-9

This book reviews techniques and tools that can be used to evaluate the poverty and distributional impact of economic policy choices. It describes the most robust techniques and tools now available-from the simplest to the most complex-and identifies best practices. The tools reviewed here help quantify the trade-offs and consequences of economic policies that affect countries through various channels. Each chapter addresses a specific evaluation technique and its applications, and household survey data are used for descriptions of economic welfare distribution. The focus is on the micro level in the first part of the book, and links between macro modelling and the microeconomic distribution of economic welfare are the focus of in the last five chapters.

Cover van  The Microeconomics of Income Distribution Dynamics in East Asia and Latin America

The Microeconomics of Income Distribution Dynamics in East Asia and Latin America

Title:
 
The Microeconomics of Income Distribution Dynamics
Subtitle:
 
In East Asia and Latin America
Author:
 
Francois Bourguignon, Francisco H. G. Ferreira and Nora Lustig
Publisher:
 
World Bank Publications
Book:
 
Paperback, 436 pages
ISBN:
 
978-08-213-5861-0

Economists have had much to say about what causes aggregate economic growth, but they have been more reticent about the distributional dimension of that growth. Understanding development and the process of poverty reduction requires understanding not only how total income grows but also how its distribution behaves over time. This book is a major new contribution to that process. The authors propose a decomposition of differences in entire distributions of household incomes, shedding new light on the powerful, and often conflicting, forces that underpin the changes in poverty and inequality that accompany the process of economic development. This approach is applied to three East Asian countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, and China) and to four in Latin American (Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, and Mexico).